This bronze group was made by Ercole Rosa (1846 - 93) to commemorate two patriots who died in 1867 at Villa Glori. It was installed in 1883 at the bottom of Viale del Pincio at the centre of a small open area in remembrance of heroic episodes in the Italian Risorgimento.
The obelisk was brought from Egypt by Emperor Caligula.
It is said to be the only obelisk in Rome that did not fall during the Middle Ages.
It was placed in the Circus of Caligula and Nero, at a spot marked by a bronze plaque in the Piazza of the Roman Protomartyrs just outside the sacristy of the basilica.
This spot is inside the Vatican City, so unless you can get permission to enter, you won't be able to see it up close.
If you want to see the approximate location anyway, look through the entrance to the Vatican City on the left side of the basilica, just past the bookshop.
You'll then see the piazza and the sacristy.
When the new basilica was built and the Piazza San Pietro laid out, the obelisk was moved to its present location.
It was re-erected by Domenico Fontana on 10th September 1586.
900 men and 50 horses where used to raise the obelisk, which is more than 37 metres high, to its upright position. To ensure that no one lost their consentration, Pope Sixtus V had ordered complete silence during the operation. However, a sailor who was watching noticed that the cables were heating up under the enourmous strain, and cried out: "Water on the ropes!". By daring to break the Pope's order, he saved the obelisk, and he was rewarded with a choice of some privilege. He chose that the palm leaves used in the basilica in papal ceremonies on Palm Sunday should be supplied from his farm for as long as it was in his family's ownership. The reliquary on top of the obelisk contains a piece of the True Cross.
Standing at the junction of Viale dell’Orologio and Viale Valadier, the bronze statue on a high granite base commemorates the Bersagliere from Trastevere who, having lost one leg, died during the capture of Quota 85 east of Monfalcone on 6 August 1916.
A competition was held in 1919 for design of the monument which was won by Arturo Dazzi (1881 - 1966). By 1922 he produced this work with strongly square forms in a style typical of the time.
Designed and begun by the sculptor Davide Calandra, the work was completed on Calandra’s death by Edoardo Rubino and unveiled in 1926.
The bronze equestrian statue of the king stands on a tall porphyry base.
The gift of the City of Tehran to the City of Rome.
It was inaugurated in 1958.
The marble sculpture was made by the Iranian artist Sadighi and portrays the national poet, Ferdusi, who wrote the “Book of Kings”.